Known commonly by its nickname, “White Walnut” (a nickname which is well earned, as it is a member of the true walnut genus, Juglans), Butternut is considerably lighter and less dense than it’s walnut (Juglans genus) compatriots; combined with its light weight and low density and hardness, it is very easy to work. Courtesy of its fluted trunks, the lumber produced by Butternut trees can have some irregular, but visually-striking, grain patterns. Found throughout the Eastern United States, Butternut’s pleasant light tan coloration has gorgeous pastel look, and certain examples can exhibit a pink or reddish tint.
This species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. That said, many Butternut trees in North America have been afflicted by a fungal disease known as “Butternut canker.” There has been a rapid decline in its population, prompting the US Fish and Wildlife Service to list it as a “species of federal concern.” The tree has received similar attention in Canada, also.
Why We Love This Wood
This is a very soft, easy-to-work wood. Despite its light weight and lack of density, it is a fairly durable wood, although like all Walnuts, the wood is susceptible to insect attack. Butternut's recent sharp decline in population could lead to this tree getting federal protection, as it already is receiving this attention from Canada. Like its Walnut cousins, the wood turns, glues and finishes well.
A Popular Choice in
|Main Color Group||Light Brown|
|Avg Dry Weight - LB/BF||2.3|
|Avg Dry Weight - KG/M3||435|
|Janka Hardness - LBF||490|
|Janka Hardness - N||2180|