Pau Ferro

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Botanical Name

Caesalpinia echinata, Machaerium acutifolium, Machaerium scleroxylon

Other Names

Pau Ferro

Main Color Group


Grain Pattern




Avg Dry Weight - LB/FT3


Avg Dry Weight - KG/M3


Janka Hardness - LBF


Janka Hardness - Newtons


There are actually two different types of wood which are known as Pau Ferro: the most common one is also known as Bolivian Rosewood, and Morado; the other one is significantly more dense (generally around 50% more), and is known also as Brazilian Ironwood and Brazilwood. The vast majority of what is made available in the US is former of the two — the less dense variety. The wood earned its “… Rosewood” nicknames (by which it is commonly known) because its colors and density are similar, which its medium brown base typically augmented by black streaks or grain lines, and sometimes even purple, tan and golden secondary hues, and sometimes a purplish tint, overall. Although it can have varying grains, straight-grained pieces are generally very easy to work, and the wood turns smoothly and finishes well. It is considered quite durable, although it can be subject to insect attack.


Sustainability: Not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Common Uses: Veneer, musical instruments (in particular, guitars — both electric and acoustic), furniture, cabinetry, flooring, interior trim, turnings, and other small specialty wood objects.

Comments: Pau Ferro is a popular Brazilian Rosewood substitute and is thought to be about as similar in properties to rosewood as any non-Dalbergia-genus species possibly could be. Its grains are tighter than a typical rosewood specimen, and it is thought to have a more distinctly percussive taptone than that of Brazilian. It’s tonal response is said to have tight lows, present mids and a clear, singing high end response.

Despite the comparisons, it should be noted that the (much more prevalent) Machaerium-genus species of Pau Ferro has less density, hardness and weight than an average rosewood.

Species Description: Wood Species

Pau Ferro
$39.5746.025 x 5.562 x 0.875 inPAUFER1008

Crack one edge one end.

Pau Ferro
$41.0450 x 5.9 x 0.875 inPAUFER1007

Crack one end with open defects one face.

Pau Ferro
$52.4739.5 x 7.812 x 1 inPAUFER1006
Out of stock

Sapwood throughout board.

Pau Ferro
$37.4334.062 x 7.9 x 1 inPAUFER1005

Sapwood and some wane on one edge with a crack near end. Width varies 7.0″ – 7.9″

Pau Ferro
$69.1646.25 x 8.062 x 0.875 inPAUFER1004
Out of stock


Pau Ferro
$41.6036.8 x 8.125 x 0.875 inPAUFER1003

Unique figure! Missing material one of board.

Pau Ferro
$61.8454.9 x 6.625 x 0.875 inPAUFER1002

Sapwood one edge with a knot on one end one edge.

Pau Ferro
$44.5239.9 x 6.562 x 0.875 inPAUFER1001
Out of stock

Beautiful piece with some sapwood.


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